Week 12 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Lab Reflection

Question

Does an individuals opinion of using edtech platforms change based on how frequently their college/coursework requires them to use it?

Reading Response

Part I

The main idea behind the reading is to inform people about MAPP. The Champaign-Urbana Public Health District (CUPHD) is the local public health authority for the Cities of Champaign and Urbana and Champaign County. This organisation along with the Carle Foundation has used the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnership (MAPP) model, a community-based model that necessitates community engagement at all levels to conduct the Champaign Community Health Assessment (CHA) and Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP). It talks about the main points of the model, and steps they had to take to establish it.

The section contains multiple visualizations and all the important points are well divided into subsections and the key points are bulletted for easy and concise reading. The article is written in simple and succint language and does a great job at explaining MAPP and the process revolving around it.

Part II

I. Introduction

a. Background

Ed-tech has been an integral and revolutionary part in modern education. It however, is not a new addition to university curriculum. This research paper will delve into the history of digital learning environments at UofI and the kind of impact they make on modern education.

b. Thesis

University of Illinois has a rich history of Computer Aided Educational environments. There are several aspects that need to be delved into starting from the history of Education technology at the University to the modern day imapact of these learning environments to aid students to study during the COVID pandemic.

II. Body

a. Data Archives:

i. “an excerpt from the digital archives of a research paper called ‘EXAMINING TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS ON E-LEARNING ACCEPTANCE AND LEARNING TRANSFER’. This article talks in detail about the implication of e-learning and how it has played a role in education at the University. This particular screenshot gives us a lot of information about how technology acceptance in education has increased over time. This data is important in understanding our target size for our research.

Use research papers like these to provide important historical and impact content to support the arguments made in my paper.

b. Data from Interview:

i. “It would not be the same to be honest, especially during COVID. I cannot imagine us being able to study without these platforms. Having these platforms makes it possible to communicate with the instructors and other students remotely. I don’t think discussions, and other kinds of activities could take place without them.”

Use excerpts from the interview to talk about student opinion on the impact of digital learning environments on the educational experience.

c. Readings

i. The PLATO reading will provide important historical data needed for the survey paper. PLATO was the first educational network that was founded at the University. It was also the building block for the present day internet. This invention was massive, and I will talk about its importance in aiding education at the University.

d. Survey Data

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III. Conclusion

Bring the whole research paper to a well rounded end. Talk about all the final observations and analysis made using all the data presented above. This shall be more detailed once the research paper has been written more in detail.

Week 12 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Question: Many social media platforms are considered sociotechnical systems that people use on a daily basis. How might these platforms take over a student’s life over time?

I believe this question will help my research based on the survey results because many of the questions involve social media and it will help me determine how common it is that students use technology and its effect on those students. It will also show me whether or not students actually use these sociotechnical systems too much.

Visualization:

My visualization brings to light that most students agree that social media platforms create more problems than they solve. Additionally, this helps me answer my question because it provides a clear chart on the number of students that understand how socio-technical systems can be a problem. It also provides an irony because even though most students agree that social media causes problems, they continue to use it on a daily basis, as shown in my pivot table from last week.

The chart will support my research and might even bring more questions to the table. After seeing the outcome of the chart, it made me curious about reasons why students use social media as much as they do, even though they see it more as a problem than as a solution. Though there are many students that disagree that social media doesn’t have a negative affect, what reasons might explain why they disagree?

Reading Response:

The Executive Summary overviews the Champaign Urbana Public Health Department’s (CUPHD) efforts to assess and find needs in the communities it serves. They utilized the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnership method (MAPP), which involves contacting local hospitals and service centers and finding out what is needed. The summary then overviews the four main assessments it underwent. These include the Community Health Status Assessment, the Community Themes and Strengths Assessment, the Local Public Health System Assessment, and finally, the Forces of Change Assessment. Lastly, the Summary explains, “Based on the four MAPP assessments, community leaders convened to identify priorities,”. The goal of all of these is to inform the reader of the specific methods the CUPHD is taking to find the needs it will address. Overall, the summary does well for the reader and informs them effectively and comprehensively of the CUPHD’s methods. The summary is trying to communicate that the CUPHD has comprehensive and well-thought-out plans to fix problems the community is facing. It also is able to grant the reader with some clarity on how organizations like the CUPHD run.

Outline

Introduction:

(Background): Social media and the communication between students have been and continue to evolve since the 19th century.

(Thesis): The University of Illinois has allowed for people and students to systematically communicate over time, from protesting, to debates, to advanced technology. Many social media platforms are considered sociotechnical systems that people use on a daily basis. These specific platforms may take over a student’s life over time and can affect social interaction within students, especially at the University of Illinois.

Body:

(Data Archives):

This resource on student protests from the 19th century provides background on how important political and economical debates were communicated in our past.

https://20macs265.communitydataclinic.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Campus-Protests.pdf

The resource Students utilize technology for social good through Hack4Impact from the Daily Illini helps explore how it helps connect students with nonprofits through technology and the impacts that they make on society. The author believes that “this whole idea of social impact and technology needs to be more intertwined in the future to propel nonprofits to do even more social good,” pushing for technology to be utilized to its full potential. The impact that this organization has on social change through will help me pursue the answer to my inquiry. Additionally, they created an educational tool called MapStories “developed as a way to help the newsroom share local history and African American culture in a user-friendly way.” This is a key event that was used to build their story, which eventually allowed them to partner with other nonprofits that wanted to help change the world for good.

(Data from Interview):

“I’ve seen many students in public with their friends, and they are all usually on their phones, rather than speaking to each other. Whereas before the advances of technology, people would normally speak to each other without the use of their phones or social media. Technology has changed students for the better and for the worse.” (Sebastian 2:01)

My interviewee Sebastian brought to light that social media is great for communication and networking, but also agreed that it is not beneficial for everything that it’s used for.

(Readings):

I can use Yang’s source to explain how technology and social media may have an effect on a student’s engagement to their career in the future. Yang’s evidence relates to and even questions our humanity. He talks about how most people don’t even like their jobs, especially right after they graduate. Additionally, he uses numbers and percentages to explain his point, and “According to Gallup, only 13 percent of workers worldwide report being engaged with their jobs. The numbers are a little better in America, with 32 percent saying they were engaged with their work in 2015” (Yang Chapter 7).

(Survey Data):

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Based on my pivot table, a lot of students tend to use social media on a daily basis, although, I was surprised by how many people use it on an hourly basis. Additionally, most people seem to agree that social media platforms create more problems than they solve for students on campus. On the other hand, most students still use social media very often, regardless of how it affects their lives.

This data is valuable to me because I can start to see a trend towards students who agree that social media is problematic and continue to use it. It’s interesting to think about what it would be like if social media didn’t exist in our time because it did not exist back in the 19th century, so a lot has changed since then.

Conclusion:

Summarize all data from beginning to end and restate thesis. Emphasize the importance of the innovation on technology and how it affects the lives of millions.

Week 12 – Lab + Reading Response

Part 1: Lab – Excel Workshop

1a) Lab/Post Lab Assignment

  1. Question: How can organizations like the ROTC improve a student’s time management skills at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign? This question contributes to the research topic because it compares the time management skills that come with organizations like the Reserve Officer Training Corps. The question could reveal the opinions of other organizations and compare them with students in ROTC. It could possibly show an emphasis on management skills that are important to have in college.
  2. Visualization:
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3. This visualization is easier to understand compare to the data from the pivot table because the visual presentation provides the viewer with a bigger picture. It uses colors and graphs to represent and organize the data. The graph shows that the majority of the students that took the survey show great time management skills which are important to be successful in college.

The visualization is better than the pivot table because the pivot table only shows the viewer numbers. The table creates a scale of the answers which separates it from just a couple of numbers. It displays the sum of each of the decisions. It’s important for visual learners to see the bigger picture of the data presented in this Pivot Chart. This will help me better understand the data regarding time management and the balance of academic work with extracurriculars like ROTC.

Part 2: Reading Response

2a) The purpose of this Champaign County Illinois Community Health Improvement Plan is to establish the demographics of the residents of the county and create the healthiest and safest community to live, work, and visit in the State of Illinois. The document discusses the major health problems faced with residents in the Champaign community. They have three focuses. They include: behavioral health, obesity, and violence. The document tries to focus on promoting police-community relations, improve access to healthy food options, and promote education and training on mental and behavioral health.

The document provides a lot of visuals that help to explain the processes and strategies included in the health improvement plan. They help to organize and clearly explain the data about the residents of Champaign County. This helps to readers to easily follow along with the plan. The maps helps to organize the demographics of people as well. The maps also reveal the patterns of demographics with household income and health insurance data.

Outline

I. Introduction

a. Background: The Reserve Officer Training Corps has been a prevalent part of the history of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

b. Thesis: Through organizations like the Reserve Officer Training Corp, students can obtain time management skills that will help them be successful at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

II. Body

a. Data Archives:

i. “The University of Illinois was the first of the educational institutions of the United States to offer its services and facilities to the government when the entrance of the United States into war with Germany was imminent in the spring of 1917” (“History of the United States Army School of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois.”).

b. Data from Interview:

i. “I think it’s just kind of like a learning curve when you’re a freshman and you’re just like, it’s kind of a lot more responsibility than what you’re used to in high school, like within our fighting alumni battalion, our cadets, we kind of take leadership roles like squad leader, team leader, first sergeant, platoon sergeant, and all the way up to like battalion commander. And so as you progress in the program and progress, like in school, you’re getting more responsibility leadership responsibility in ROTC so it’s kind of part of the training where you just have to learn how to manage your time wisely. But I would say that, yeah majority of my time has to be spent on ROTC and just maintaining good grades I don’t really have a lot of time for like school related clubs, I’d say. But, yeah majority of my extra time has to be spent on the Reserve Officer Training Corp.” (Koester).

c. Readings

i. “In 1917 American students, faculty, and administrators experienced the euphoria of war, as had their counterparts in other belligerent nations 3 years before. Universities immediately proffered their services for training, research, and morale building but ended by abandoning their academic mission almost entirely” (Geiger 423).

d. Survey Data

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III. Conclusion

a. Through the archives, interview, and data survey, time management is revealed as an important trait that is pushed in organizations like ROTC. By understanding the data and lessons learned from these students in ROTC, students can be successful at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Week 11 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Survey Question: How would you rate your satisfaction with the University (as a system) in reacting to student activism in terms of changing to fit the demands of students?

However, what I more deeply want to analyze is how strong of opinions students specifically have about the way that UIUC as a system reacts to activism. Through this, we can somewhat understand the amount of ambivalence about the topic among the general student body, which contributes to how the administration may view or change their work accordingly. If there is general satisfaction, the University would likely be viewed favorably and may continue with whatever measures they are taking. If there is a lot of dissatisfaction, there is still a lot of room for the University to adapt and change for the better.

The pivot table answers my questions by showing that the majority of students (24/44 students) have a neutral view on the work of the University in changing to fit the demands of students. If you compound that with the favorable (satisfied or very satisfied) views, then that is an additional 11 respondents. However, if you look at the number of students per grade level answering these questions, then it could be shown that younger students (i.e. freshmen and sophomores) tend to have a more optimistic and favorable view than older students (i.e. juniors, seniors, grad students). This could be attributed to how freshmen and sophomores may be less familiar with the activism on campus, especially as they are more likely to have a purely or mostly remote experience. Disappointment with the University is likely to build up over time as students mature and learn more about themselves and social inequities.

This data expands from what I have learned with my previous work, because it paints the picture of a bell curve of satisfaction. In the 60s for example, I would imagine that such a survey would yield a left-skewed graph due to the major student movements and activism. Nowadays, student activism has definitely been reduced and is seen as somewhat of faceless fringe movements rather than organizational efforts. With that in mind, students could probably be seen as generally less interested in enacting change at UIUC.

2a) Read and respond to the assigned readings (Post by 11 am on Monday)
o Marc Andreessen, Why Andreessen Horowitz Is Investing in Rap Genius
o Pages 152-158: Jimena Canales, “Mosaic: The First Point-and-Click Internet Browser,”
in The University of Illinois: Engine of Innovation, edited by Frederick E. Hoxie.
o Greg Newby, “My Prairienet Story”
Consider Jimena Canales’ description of web browsing and the Mosaic interface as “cultural
techniques” (152). Using the 3 assigned readings, select/list at least 5 different applications or
design features of Mosaic & Alternative Education Programs that evidence how web browsing
innovations affect not only the types and variety of accessible content, but also new modes of

(re)presenting and engaging with phenomena; in essence, an entirely new way of “being” and
“doing” in the world.
 
Consider how the readings frame Mosaic’s role in learning and social innovations. What
differences do you infer between Mosaic and other efforts to diversify and broaden opportunities
for education and information access? And what is Mosaic, anyway? Aim to mention 2 or 3
factors/features. If you were in the room in the early 1990s working with Andreesen, Bina, and
other young researchers on Mosaic, what would you have included or modified from what is
there today (particularly considering innovation for inclusion and accessibility)?

Week 11 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Question

Does an individuals opinion of using edtech platforms change based on how frequently their college/coursework requires them to use it?

The above pivot tables pivots on the college names and whether the respondents from the respective colleges feel edtech platforms create barriers or make education more accessible. The columns on the other hand are the different edtech platforms that the college respondents suggested they used.

By analyzing the above data we are able to see the colleges that used lesser number of edtech paltforms or were lesser exposed to the capabilities of these environments chose to answer that these platforms create barriers and vice versa. This analysis helps us understand that a persons opinion can be correlated to how frequently they use the technology.

This is a new insight I gained through the survey, because the interview was more focused on how the people used these edtech platforms and because of unseen bias the interviewees were mostly people who were more heavily involved with using edtech platforms.

Reading Response

1. An easy and seamless web browsing experience – a navigation system that can be understood at a glance by anybody who can point and click a mouse.

2. Mosaic makes us consider how the category of person has become a commercial term, leaving us unsure whom to blame, praise, or call to obey the law. Every technology that is developed could be commercialized in some way. The example of Mosaic was a clear example.

3.  Rap Genius – the definitive online community of rap aficionados; one of the fastest growing web sites in Y Combinator’s history; a thriving ecosystem of ideas, artists, and fans. Tech was combined with a musical art form to commercialize and create a bigger community.

4. Rap Genius is said to have a broader mission. Which is: Generalize out to many other categories of text… annotate the world… be the knowledge about the knowledge… create the Internet Talmud.

5. PrairieNet – A Free-Net was a new way for people to communicate with each other online, using the power of the Internet.  This made the internet open source in a way, which was pretty much a game changer.

The key difference is that Mosaic was a technology that although was created to re-design the way people interacted with the internet, it was more of a navigation tool by using the mouse and was incepted with many people looking to commercialize it. On the other hand Rap Genius and PrairieNet were more about building a community and interaction tool rather than creating an internet browsing technology.

Week 11 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Lab/Post Lab

Question: Many social media platforms are considered sociotechnical systems that people use on a daily basis. How might these platforms take over a student’s life over time?

I believe this question will help my research based on the survey results because many of the questions involve social media and it will help me determine how common it is that students use technology and its effect on those students. It will also show me whether or not students actually use these sociotechnical systems too much.

Pivot Table:

Based on my pivot table, a lot of students tend to use social media on a daily basis, although, I was surprised by how many people use it on an hourly basis. Additionally, most people seem to agree that social media platforms create more problems than they solve for students on campus, which correlates to my question above. On the other hand, most students still use social media very often, regardless of how it affects their lives.

This data is valuable to me because I can start to see a trend towards students who agree that social media is problematic and continue to use it. It’s interesting to think about what it would be like if social media didn’t exist in our time because it did not exist back in the 19th century, so a lot has changed since then. My interviewee Sebastian brought to light that social media is great for communication and networking, but also agreed that it is not beneficial for everything that it’s used for.

Reading Response

1. Rap Genius- “built a feature called ‘group annotations’ right into the browser – and it worked great – all users could comment on any page and discussions quickly ensued,” (Andreessen).

2. Rap Genius- “generalize out to many other categories of text… annotate the world,” (Andreessen).

3. PrarieNet- “A Free-Net was a new way for people to communicate with each other online, using the power of the Internet. Many people had realized what a wonderful communications medium their computer was, and had started to rely on the Internet’s many features for all kinds of things.” (Newby).

4. PrarieNet-“Many lives were changed for the better, by using Prairienet to communicate across time and space with other people of similar interests.”

5. Mosaic-“Today we can shut down the browser and admire the HTTP code traffic. We can see every request and response taking place between our computers and many others,”(Canales).

Mosaic was the first widely used point-and-click interface to the internet that changed the lives of many people, especially at the University of Illinois. Before the development of Mosaic, most users could only access the internet with a command-line computer interface, but through new innovative interfaces, we can “gain access to a portal, cross a threshold, or simply peer into a different space while at a safe distance,” (Canales 153). If I were in the room in the early 1990s working with Andreesen, Bina, and other young researchers on Mosaic, I would make sure that Mosaic would be credited with being the application that made the web available to the general public.

Week 10 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

This is a visualization from March, it is a chart depicting how prepared the countries were to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The index was decided based on 6 factors that are mentioned above the chart in the picture.

I re-designed the visualization, the previous chart only showcased the pandemic preparedness index, I changed this uni-axis chart into a 2d axis chart. With the x-axis showing the pandemic preparedness index and the y axis showing the number of covid cases in the respective countries. This was enabled the chart to put forth more information as well as serve its original purpose.

Week 11 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

Part 1: Lab – Excel Workshop

1b.)Lab/Post-Lab Assignment

  1. Question: How can organizations like the ROTC improve a student’s time management skills at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign?

This question will help me to research and analyze the time management skills that many ROTC students obtain through their four years at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Time management is important in a successful life. ROTC students excel at balancing their workload with their commitment to the Corp.

2. Pivot Table:

Currently the responses from the ROTC section are empty. However, I send the survey to more ROTC students at the University of Illinois. Hopefully they filled out the survey.

Excel Sheet:

3. My pivot table will answer the question because the table will show the answers made by the ROTC students will trend towards the “Strongly Agree” and “Agree” answers. Based off of my interview with Annika, the Freshman ROTC students will most likely Disagree with the statement, but the upperclassmen will Agree with the statement showing a growth in time management skills.

I will hope that the data will expands on my interview with Annika because she discussed that she struggled with managing her time during her freshman year. She eventually learned to balance school with her commitment to the Reserve Corp. The ROTC commitment requires a lot of time and sacrifice. Many of the freshman ROTC students should show a struggle with managing their time, but it depends on how quickly the students are able to balance their commitments.

Part 2: Reading Response

5 Different Applications:

  1. Genius – “The ability to annotate any page on the internet with commentary and additional information” (Andreessen).
  2. Genius – “Create the Internet Talmud” (Andreessen).
  3. Free-Net – “Brought email, discussion groups and the fledging World Wide Web to anyone with access to a computer and modem” (Newby).
  4. Prairienet – “first taste that many thousands of people had on the Internet, and offered a springboard to the many new opportunities for commercial dial-in services” (Newby).
  5. Mosaic – “gives the Internet what the Macintosh gave the personal computer: a navigation system that can be understood at a glance by anybody who can point and click a mouse” (Canales 154).

The difference between the Mosaic and other information access is the idea of the interface. Mosaic was one of the first used point-and-click interfaces for the internet that is used a navigational tool for exploring data. It became the first successful browser because it created an image of the internet for people to view and enjoy. If I were in the room working with Andreessen, Bina, and other young researchers, I would recommend that Mosaic offered students with disabilities the opportunity to use the interface through VoiceOver options and other accessibilities. This recommendation would give Mosaic a bigger audience.

Week 10 – Lab Reflection + Reading Response

https://www.urban.org/features/where-low-income-jobs-are-being-lost-covid-19

If I could redo this visualization, I would try to emphasize the holistic impact on the system of jobs being lost. At the moment, it shows the estimated low-income jobs by category pre county or metro area but I think that it would also be helpful to see how this impacts each county percentage wise. Seeing the number per county is helpful, but it doesn’t show the magnitude of how it affects/decimates each industry. Tying into then COVID-precautions and policy could be interesting too in order to highlight how more strict policies may lead to less of an effect on each industry of a particular county or state.