Annotated Bibliography

Anderson, Bethany. “Heinz von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory: A Cybernetics Odyssey.” Exhibits, University of Illinois Archives, 6 December 2016, https://archives.library.illinois.edu/blog/heinz-von-foerster-and-the-bcl/.

            The purpose of this blog is to inform the reader about the history of Heinz von Foerster and the creation of the Biological Computer Laboratory. Bethany Anderson is a blogger for the University of Illinois Archives. She has written other blogs on the website. The audience intended for this blog is undergraduates and graduate students of the University of Illinois. The style in this blog is intended to create a story about Heinz von Foerster and his push for the BCL.

Bitzer, Donald. “Use of CBE for the Handicapped.” American Annals of the Deaf, Gallaudet University Press, 1979.

            The purpose fo this chapter in American Annals of the Deaf is to inform the reader about the PLATO project’s impact on the handicapped. Donald Bitzer is an electrical engineer that has created a computer-based education system that could help handicapped students. The audience intended for this chapter in American Annal of the Deaf is researchers in technological-based education systems that want to improve the systems meant for the handicapped.

Brown, Steven E. “Breaking Barriers: The Pioneering Disability Students Services Program at the University of Illinois: 1948-1960.” Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the new disability service programs that made the University of Illinois a pioneer in shattering barriers that marginalized people with disabilities. Steven E. Brown is the co-founder of the Institute on Disability Culture. This provides insight into the history and cultural identity of people and students with disabilities. The audience intended for this source would be members of the University of Illinois because the students, faculty, alumni, and administration should learn about this part of Illinois history.

Commemorative Book Preparation and Publication Committee. Expanding Horizons: A History of the First 50 Years of the Division of Rehabilitation-Education Services at the University of Illinois. Roxford DT Pub., 1998.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the first fifty years of the Division of Rehabilitation-Education Services (DRES) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The intended audience for this source would be the scholars of the University of Illinois. The style is intended to educate and inform the reader about historical DRES. There is a bias in this source because it assumes that the time between 1940-50, people only had a negative attitude towards people with disabilities.

“Congressional Record: University of Illinois Centennial” Committee on the Centennial, University of Illinois, 15 October 2009, pp. 73-76.

            The purpose of this record is to inform the Illinois House of Representatives about the international impact the University of Illinois has made. The author of the speech is William L. Springer. He was the House representative for Illinois’s 22nd district. This emphasizes that the author is credible. The intended audience is for the Illinois House of Representatives. The speech was meant for a new policy or legislation. The author’s style is reflected by the intended audience because he tries to inform and persuade the House of Representatives.

Dear, Brian. “Remembering the Future.” PLATO History, PLATO History Foundation, 2010, platohistoy.org/.

            The purpose of this website is to archive the history of the PLATO computer system and the people who built and designed the system. The author, Brian Dear, is a tech entrepreneur and startup mentor that runs the website. This emphasizes that the author has a good understanding in technology and technological systems. This website is meant for tech enthusiasts and students researching about the PLATO computer system.

Evans, Sara M. “Sons, Daughters, and Patriarchy: Gender and the 1968 Generation.” American Historical Review, 2009.

            The purpose of this source is to educate readers about the rise of feminism in the 1960s and discuss the patriarchy. Sara M. Evans is a professor of history at the University of Minnesota. She has a lot of experience in the field which makes her a credible source. The audience for this work is most likely for scholars or professors because she goes into a lot of detail and focuses on writing the history.

Geiger, Roger. The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II.Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015.

            The purpose of this book is to inform the reader about the history of American higher education. Roger Geiger is a Professor of Education at the Pennsylvania State University. This gives him credibility because he is an established researcher and professor at a respected university. The intended audience would be scholars and researchers in education because he is informing the audience about the history of higher education.

Harrison, Chase. “Program on Survey Research.” Harvard University Press, 2007.

            The purpose of this document is to provide readers with tips on wording the questions in a survey or questionnaire. The author, Chase Harrison, is an Associate Director of the Harvard program of Survey Research in the Department of Government. The audience intended for this document are researchers interested in created surveys or questionnaires.

“History of the United States Army School of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois.” School of Military Aeronautics, University of Illinois, 1918.

            The purpose of this source is to discuss the history of the School of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The audience intended for this source is scholars and researchers interested in the history of the SMA. The tone of the work focuses on informing the audience about the development of the school at the University of Illinois.

Hoxie, Fredrick E and Michael Hughes. “Nevada Street: A Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity.” University of Illinois Press, 2017.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the study of race and ethnicity at Nevada Street. Frederick E. Hoxie is a professor of social and political history. He focused the majority of his research on indigenous people in North America. The audience intended for this work would be students, scholars, and professors researching race and ethnicity in Nevada Street.

Howard, Jessie. “Summary of Replies to the Questions Sent to Illini in Service.” Provost’s Office, 1944.

            The purpose of this questionnaire is to collection information about the Illini in service and understand the replies of the students. Jessie Howard is the man who ran the questionaire and analyzed the data at the end of the source. The audience is researchers and members of the military because it provides important data regarding future plans for students going back to the University of Illinois after the war.

Hutchinson, Jamie. “Heinz Von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory.” “Nerve Center” of the Cybernetic World, http://bcl.ece.illinois.edu/hutchinson/index.htm.

            The purpose of this website is to inform viewers of the website about Heinz Von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory. Jamie Hutchinson is Publications Editor at the Grainger College of Electrical and Computer Engineering. His perspective as an editor provides readers with more information about the Biological Computer Laboratory and its creator. The audience intended for this website is electrical and computer engineering majors.

Johnston, Edward S. “History of the Military Department University of Illinois 1869-1921.” Reserve Officers’ Training Corps, University of Illinois, 1921.

            The purpose of this source is to discuss the history of the military department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Edward S. Johnston is a professor of Military Science and Tactics at the University of Illinois. His credentials give him the perspective needed to talk about the ROTC. The audience intended for this source is cadets and other undergraduates that are a part of the military at the University of Illinois.

Lamont, Valerie. “New Directions for the teaching Computer: Citizen Participation in Community Planning.” Computer-based Education Research Laboratory, 1973.

            The purpose of this document is to inform readers about an experiment testing the feasibility of using the teaching computer for involving people in community planning. Valerie Lamont is the researcher conducting the experiment. The audience intended for this source are researchers and graduate students interested in the PLATO project and its impact on technological learning.

Metz, Michael. “Radicals in the Heartland: The 1960s Student Protest Movement at the University of Illinois.” University of Illinois Press, 2019.

            The purpose of this source is to discuss the student protests that were occurring at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Michael Metz took part in high tech marketing but he also participated in student protests in the 1960s. His perspective as a student at the university provides the first-hand experience of the protests. The audience intended for this source is most likely students because he uses timelines to help illustrate the movement.

OECD. “Good Practices in Survey Design Step-by-Step.” Measuring Regulatory Performance: A Practitioner’s Guide to perception Surveys, OCED Publishing, Paris, 2012.

            The purpose of this publication is to discuss good practices that help the quality of results and avoid problems with surveys. OECD is and organization that helps to stimulate economic growth and promotes world trade. The audience intended for this document is researchers that are interested in producing surveys that help to collect data.

Prutzer, Ned. “The BCL and the Cybernetics Moment.” The Biological Computer Laboratory, 20 Jan. 2019, https://scalar.usc.edu/works/the-biological-computer-laboratory/the-bcl-and-the-cybernetics-moment?path=index.

            The purpose of this website is to create an intriguing website that informs the viewers about the Biological Computer Laboratory. Ned Prutzer is a PhD student in Communications and Media at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His perspective as a PhD student provides research experience on the Biological Computer Laboratory. The audience intended for this website is most likely for PhD students interested in the Biological Computer Laboratory.

Schroeder, Paul. “Why?” The Daily Illini, 15 March 1968.

            The purpose of this speech is to encourage his fellow students to build new education for the future. Paul Schroeder is a representative of the Education Reform Committee. This means he has a good background in educational reform in higher education. The intended audience for this speech is students, faculty, and administration of the University of Illinois. This is reflected by the author’s tone when he encourages all members of the University to join in his desire to reform the education system.

Reagan, Leslie J. “Timothy Nugent: ‘Wheelchair Students’ and the Creation of the Most Accessible Campus in the World.” University of Illinois Press, 2017.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the creation of DRES and the impact of Timothy Nugent’s vision made serving students with disabilities. Leslie J. Reagan is the author of the source. She is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Her diplomas and experience as a professor establish her credibility in this field. The audience intended for this source is scholars and historians because she discusses the development of organizations such as DRES.

Smock, Richard, et al. “A Proposal to Encourage Undergraduate Educational Development at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Campus.” Cruel Staff Council, 1972.

            The purpose of this document is to propose appointing an Associate Vice Chancellor for Undergraduate Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The authors of this document are Richard Smock, Frank Duff, King Broadrick, and Roland Holmes. They are the Council members representing this proposal to the CRUEL Staff Council. The audience intended for this document is the Staff Council members of CRUEL. The beginning of the document explains that it is for the Staff Council and the wording of the document is phrased for the members.

“Unit One History.” History of Unit One Living-Learning Community, University Housing, 1994, housing.illinois.edu/Living-Options/Living-Learning-Communities/Unit-One/traditions/history. 

            The purpose of this website is to inform students and alumni of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign about the Unit One Living-Learning Community. The audience intended for this website are students, alumni, and professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This is the targetted audience because it talks about the university’s rich history. The website brings up notable Illinois faculty such as Chancellor Jack Pelteson.

Weber, Larry. “Blind Student Power.” Technograph, 1968.

            The purpose of this article is to empower blind students and establish more perfect learning conditions for engineering students. Larry Weber is a student that is a part of the university. This is important because it helps the author connect with other students. The audience intended for this article is students because he uses “we the students” as a way to include students in the piece.

Williamson-Lott, Joy Ann. “Black Power on Campus: The University of Illinois.” University of Illinois Press, 2013.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the impact African Americans made at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Joy-Ann Williamson is a professor of education at the University of Washington. The audience for this source is students and professors because it discusses the history of federal policies intended for racial reconciliation in the 1960s.

Williamson-Lott, Joy Ann. “Clarence Shelley: The Campaign to Diversify the University.” University of Illinois Press, 2017.

            The purpose of this source is to inform the reader about the University’s campaign to diversify the campus. Joy-Ann Williamson is also the author of this source. She is also the Dean of the University of Washington’s Graduate School in the College of Education. The audience intended for this work is for professors and students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Yang, Andrew. The War on Normal People: The Truth About America’s Disappearing Jobs. Hachette Books, 2018.

            The purpose of this book is to inform the readers about the causes for the decline in industrial jobs in the United States. Andrew Yang was a democratic presidential candidate who was known for his Universal Basic Income policy. The audience intended for this book is working class Americans in the United States. He targets the working class and explains the causes for the decline in paying jobs.

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